OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF CLINICAL PREVALENCE OF RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY IN PRETERM INFANTS AT A HOSPITAL IN ODISHA.

Authors

  • Bijoy Kumar Mali Senior Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India
  • Sharmistha Behera  Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India
  • Rangumudri Sai Sunanda  PG Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India
  • Saumya Ranjan Patra  PG Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India
  • Pradyumna Mishra  PG Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India
  • Sasmita Sahu Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1109

Keywords:

Retinopathy of prematurity, Preterm Infants, Blindness

Abstract

Background

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), the scar tissue behind the neonate lens associated with retinal detachment, have been responsible for two largest ‘epidemics’ of blindness in neonates in modern times. There is rise in such cases reported around the world. However, ROP is preventable with advanced techniques. this study is carried out to determine the epidemiological profile of ROP.

Method:

This was an observational study carried out at Department of Ophthalmology and Neonatal Intensive CareUnit Veer Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha for the period of two. infants with lesser birth weight and preterm were considered for the study. The demography of the infants, along with oxygen therapy and the other required treatments were recorded. The eye of the infants were examined with RetCam. Retinopathy was graded into Zone and Stages as per ICROP classification. Those infants with retinopathy were further examined and those with proper vascularization were not examined.

Results:

Overall 268 infants were included in this study. The occurrence of ROP was 45.9%. The infants with less than 1000 grams, gestational age between 26-30 weeks, had sepsis, had RDS, were IVH, had anemia, and received supplemental oxygen were prone to ROP. The zone II was the most affected zone and the ROP was at stage I and II IN most of the infants.

Conclusion:

The risk factors associated with occurrence of ROP includes gestational age, birth weight, RDS, anemia, sepsis, IVH, RDS, and supplemental oxygen. Proper screening is required for diagnosis of occurrence ROP.

Recommendation:

The risk factors discussed in the study should be considered for preterm babies and necessary screening should be done. Early diagnosis can prevent blindness in infants.

Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Mali, B. K. ., Behera, S. ., Sunanda, R. S., Patra, S. R. ., Mishra, P. ., & Sahu, S. . (2024). OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF CLINICAL PREVALENCE OF RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY IN PRETERM INFANTS AT A HOSPITAL IN ODISHA. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1109

Issue

Section

Section of Ophthalmology Research

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