FREQUENCY OF ANEMIA IN PATIENTS ADMITTED WITH ACUTE DECOMPENSATED HEART FAILURE IN TERTIARY CARE CARDIAC HOSPITAL
Keywords:anaemia,, cardiovascular diseases, comorbidity, acute decompensated heart failure
Usually, there is an association between cardiovascular diseases and various co-morbid diseases, but the one that is frequently associated with but focused upon is anaemia. Anaemia occurs in more than 4% to less than 7% of the patients with acute decompensated heart failure.
This study aimed to determine a statistical correlation between the occurrence of anaemia and acute decompensated heart failure. Also, to determine the existence of other comorbid diseases with anemia and find a correlation between them.
Patients admitted in the period of year for a cardiovascular disease that is acute decompensated heart failure at IGIMS, Patna in a period of a year were considered as subjects for this study. There was a total of 100 participants, and their haemoglobin levels were tested. For men lesser than 12g/dL and women, lesser than 13g/dL were considered anaemic. The occurrence of anaemia was correlated to several co-morbid diseases and their significance was determined statistically.
The association of anaemia with cardiovascular diseases was significant statistically. If the patient was a smoker or was hypertensive or was diabetic the probability of anemia was high in such patients.
The association of anaemia with cardiovascular diseases is significantly high. The anaemic patients in this study were generally men and were above 60 years of age. There were other co-morbid conditions with anemia which included diabetes mellitus 2 and hypertension.
Intravenous (IV) Ferric Carboxymaltose (FCM) should be considered for the treatment of iron deficiency.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Akancha Shrivastava, Nirav Kumar, Sudhir Kumar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.