ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SELF-CARE BEHAVIOUR AND GLYCAEMIC CONTROL AMONG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS.

Authors

  • Amit Kumar Mishra Additional Professor, Department of General Medicine, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.
  • Praveen Kumar Professor, Department of General Medicine, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Manoj Kumar Choudhary Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1125

Keywords:

Self-Care, Diabetes, Lifestyle

Abstract

Background:

Self-care behavior improves the glycemic control and prevents the progression and worsening of the outcomes of this disease. There is a lack of consistency in the research about how self-care impacts glycemic control in the Indian setting. This study is carried out to find the association of self-care behavior and progression of diabetes

Method:

This was a cross sectional study carried out at Department of General Medicine of IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India. The duration for this study was from December 2023 to February 2024. There were 100 participants selected from those visiting IGIMS for follow-up on diabetes. Socio-demographic characteristics, such as age and sex of the patients were recorded. Lab reports were reviewed for duration of diagnosis, diabetes-related complications and HbA1c. Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire (SDSCA) was used to determine details regarding self-care. Association was determined statistically.

Results:

Among the 100 patients participating 60 had poor self-care score and 40 had moderate score. The score was higher in those with more than 40 years of age, had HbA1C less, than 7 BMI less than 25, and duration of diabetes more than 10 years.

Conclusion:

From this study it is found that patients with lesser HbA1C are more inclined towards the self-care habits that helps in management of diabetes.

Recommendation:

Self-care habits prevents the worsening of diabetes it should be recommended in encouraged in each diabetic individual.

Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Mishra, A. K. ., Kumar, P., & Choudhary, M. K. . (2024). ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SELF-CARE BEHAVIOUR AND GLYCAEMIC CONTROL AMONG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1125

Issue

Section

Section of General Medicine Research