ETIOLOGY AND OUTCOME OF CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE IN CHILDREN IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF JHARKHAND.

Authors

  • Chhitiz Anand Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, SBMC, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India
  • Rajiv Kumar Mahli  Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SBMC, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India
  • Anil Kumar Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, SBMC, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1118

Keywords:

Congestive Heart Failure, Congenital Heart Disease, Cardiomyopathy, Infection

Abstract

Background: 

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is an important, growing public health problem causing substantial morbidity and mortality in paediatric patients. The causes vary between developed and developing countries, age and geographical location. Congenital heart diseases and cardiomyopathy are the most common offenders in developed countries, while infections and anaemia are more common in developing areas.

Objective:

To determine the etiology and outcome of Congestive heart failure in the department of Paediatrics, SBMC, Hazaribagh.

Methods:

This is a descriptive, cross-sectional retrospective study using medical records of the included patients (diagnosed with heart failure), from august 2021 to July 2023.

Results:

Study includes 82 patients. The mean age at presentation of these patients was 13.72 months. The female: male ratio was 1.1:1 with mild female predominance. Most of the patients were in the first year of life 75.6%. 

Conclusion:

We found that common causes of heart failure were heart diseases; representing (87.8%), while non cardiac causes were 12.2%. Congenital heart diseases were detected in 77.8%, while acquired heart diseases represented 22.2 %. The most common congenital cause of heart failure in the study was ventricular septal defect followed by patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), myocarditis and anaemia with chest infection in that order. Overlapping causes were present in 16 cases (19.5%).  Twelve patients died during the study; this constituted a mortality rate of 14%.

Author Biographies

Chhitiz Anand, Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, SBMC, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India

 

Rajiv Kumar Mahli,  Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SBMC, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India

 

Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Anand, C. ., Mahli, R. K. ., & Kumar, A. . (2024). ETIOLOGY AND OUTCOME OF CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE IN CHILDREN IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF JHARKHAND. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1118

Issue

Section

Section of Pediatrics and Child Health