EXPLORING ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF RENAL ARTERIES THROUGH CADAVERIC STUDY: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY.

Authors

  • Divyanjali Singh Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College & Hospital, Purnea, Bihar, India
  • Sweta Rani Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College & Hospital, Purnea, Bihar, India
  • Rakesh Ranjan Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College & Hospital, Purnea, Bihar, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1111

Keywords:

Renal Artery, Anatomical Variations, Cadaveric Study, Surgical Implications

Abstract

Background:

The anatomical variations of the renal artery are of paramount importance in medical sciences, impacting surgical interventions, diagnostic imaging, and the understanding of renal pathologies. This study aims to document the variations in renal artery anatomy through cadaveric dissection, shedding light on their clinical implications.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 50 cadavers. Cadavers with intact renal arterial anatomy were included, while those with major congenital anomalies or damage were excluded. Standard dissection protocols were followed to observe and document variations in the renal arteries, including number, course, origin, and morphology.

Results:

The demographic analysis of the 50 cadavers (54% male and 46% female) revealed a mean age of 67 years (± 8.2), indicating a broad age spectrum. Anatomical variations in the renal arteries were identified in 39 cadavers, showcasing a diverse range of alterations from the typical arterial anatomy. The study's detailed dissection process uncovered a notable prevalence of accessory renal arteries in 21% of the cases, with these arteries predominantly originating from the abdominal aorta (30%). Other origins included the inferior mesenteric artery (12.5%) and the common iliac artery (7.5%). The branching pattern analysis further highlighted a trifurcation pattern in 9% of the cases, contrasting with the more commonly observed bifurcation pattern in 31%.

Conclusion:

The high prevalence of renal artery variations underscores the necessity for detailed anatomical knowledge among clinicians and surgeons to navigate these differences effectively during surgical and diagnostic procedures.

Recommendations:

Further studies are recommended to explore the clinical implications of these variations in renal artery anatomy, particularly in the context of renal surgeries and interventions. Enhanced imaging techniques should be developed to better identify and characterize these variations preoperatively.

Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Singh, D. ., Rani, S. ., & Ranjan, R. . (2024). EXPLORING ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF RENAL ARTERIES THROUGH CADAVERIC STUDY: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1111

Issue

Section

Section of General Medicine Research

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