A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY OF PROTEINURIA CHANGES AND MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION RISKS IN DIABETIC OR PRE-DIABETIC PATIENTS.
Keywords:Myocardial infarction (MI), Proteinuria, Pre-diabetes, diabetes mellitus, Dipstick, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in proteinuria and the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in individuals with diabetes or pre-diabetes.
The prospective study was conducted involving 200 participants in India, with data collection occurring during routine medical examinations from 2020 to 2022. The participants were followed up, and data collection concluded in 2023.
Among the participants, those with persistent proteinuria exhibited a significantly higher risk of MI, with a 2.5-fold increased hazard compared to those without proteinuria. Furthermore, a reduction in proteinuria over time was associated with a 21% decrease in MI incidence. This relationship was not observed in individuals without proteinuria, highlighting the importance of persistent proteinuria in influencing MI risk.
The findings emphasize the critical role of persistent proteinuria as a predictor of elevated MI risk in individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetes. Monitoring and managing proteinuria could potentially mitigate the risk of future heart attacks in this population.
Healthcare professionals should consider routine monitoring of proteinuria levels in outpatient settings for individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetes. Exploring interventions to lower proteinuria levels for heart attack prevention is recommended, including lifestyle modifications, medications, or targeted therapies. Improved comprehension of the mechanisms connecting proteinuria to the risk of MI is essential for the formulation of efficient preventive approaches. This study underscores the significance of early detection and management of proteinuria in diabetic patients and pre-diabetics to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Sanjay Kumar, Rashmi Rani Bharti, Mamta Kumari, Guddi Rani Singh
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