THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION DISORDER IN SCHIZOPHRENIA – TYPE, PREVALENCE AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ACUTE AND CHRONIC CASES.
Keywords:Language,, Communication disorder, schizophrenia
The objective of the current investigation is to the types, severity, and prevalence of thought, language, and communication disorders in individuals with schizophrenia, with a particular focus on discerning differences between “acute schizophrenia” and cases of “chronic schizophrenia.”
Materials and Methods:
50 patients were considered for the investigation, who were sub-categorized under acute and chronic cases. Tools used to assess different effects of the disorder were - “Positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia” (PANSS) Scale 4 which is used for measuring symptoms and severity of the disease, “Mini-mental status examination test” (MMSE), “Andreasen scale” for assessment of “thought, language and communication” (TLC) and Socio-demographic data sheet. Statistical tools like chi-square, and standard deviation were also used during the research. Mental assessments were conducted with all the patients involved using different scales mentioned above. Statistical results were calculated for each assessment to draw a conclusion.
This study provides a comprehensive analysis of schizophrenia, revealing significant differences in the type, severity, and prevalence of thought and communication abnormalities in individuals with the disorder. When correlations were studied statistically, unique findings were observed. It is the influence of age and gender on the expression of these abnormalities, illustrating that as age increases, certain symptoms intensify while others diminish. Males and females also display distinct patterns, with males more prone to certain abnormalities and females to others.
In this research, along with the influence of gender and age on schizophrenia, we concluded a correlation between thought process, linguistic, and communication disorders and socio-demographic factors like age and gender, providing valuable and unique insights into the complexities of schizophrenia.
Talk therapy methods can help cope and manage the condition of patients.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Dr Farheen fatma, Dr Dhruv
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