EMERGENCE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN POLICE PROFESSIONALS: A LONGITUDINAL OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
Keywords:: metabolic syndrome (MetS), lipid profile, Police personnels
This is a longitudinal observation looking for the emergence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a rapid response police unit.
After taking informed consent, measurements were taken of blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, and fasting blood glucose periodically in 2019, 2021, and 2023 in January. 146 police officers enrolled out of 148 screened and 117 completed the study.
In four years, the proportion of individuals with MetS values exceeding the norm increased by 20-30% for each component with 56 new cases of impaired metabolic parameters and 13 new cases of MetS observed among 110 previously unaffected police officers.
A significant increase in the number of Metabolic Syndrome was found, particularly via its effects on blood lipid levels in police personnel which a highly stressful for professionals. Future longitudinal studies with continuous stress monitoring and comparing with a control will more in-depth knowledge into it.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Amrit Pattojoshi, Bhabani Shankar Shit, Satish Kumar Sinha, Idrees S A, Niska Sinha
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