Prevalence of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women in Fishing Communities of Entebbe Municipality, Wakiso District. A Cross-sectional study.

Authors

  • Emily Keneema Faculty of Health Sciences, Uganda Martyrs University.
  • Mathias Lwenge Faculty of Health Sciences, Uganda Martyrs University.
  • Zaitune Nanyunja Department of Biological Sciences, Kyambogo University.
  • Barbara Kawoozo Uganda Virus Research Institute-IAVI HIV Vaccine program
  • Ampeire Immaculate Ministry of Health-UNEPI department
  • Ali Ssetaala Uganda Virus Research Institute -IAVI HIV Vaccine Program (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine Program) .
  • Juliet Mpendo Uganda Virus Research Institute-International AIDs Vaccine Initiatives (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine program).
  • Brenda Okech Uganda Virus Research Institute-International AIDs Vaccine Initiatives (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine program).
  • Daniel Okodan Global Pharmaceutical Contract Research Organization.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v3i12.291

Keywords:

cervical cancer, Screening, fishing communities, Uganda

Abstract

Background:

Cervical cancer disease in Uganda remains the leading causes of deaths among cancer patients, responsible for about 4,607 deaths annually. Despite the numerous modern treatment options and prevention strategies, cervical cancer screening prevalence remains undefined especially in the fishing communities and yet women living in fishing communities are core interest groups for cervical cancer due to their relatively higher risk of HIV and HPV infections.

Methodology:

A cross-sectional study employing a quantitative approach was performed, purposive sampling following a household survey was conducted. Structured interviews and questionnaires were administered to collect data from June 2021 to August 2021. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 25 using the log-binomial model.

Results:

prevalence of cervical cancer screening among women in fishing communities of Entebbe municipality, Wakiso district remains as low as 23.2%, mainly unsatisfactory among the married women (aPR = 0.232 [0.13 - 0.43], p < 0.001) and, Catholics (aPR = 0.050 [0.01 - 0.18], p < 0.001).  At the same time, higher cervical cancer screening prevalence was observed among employed women (aPR= 2.81 [1.48 - 5.33], p = 0.002), those who had prior recommendation from healthcare workers (aPR = 1.25 [0.09 - 0.65], p = 0.004), and those who perceived that cervical cancer is a curse from God (cPR = 2.800 [CI = 1.798 - 4.36], P = 0.000).

Conclusion:

 Cervical cancer screening is low among women in fishing communities of Entebbe municipality; only 2 in every 10 women have ever been screened for cervical cancer in their lifetime, while less than 1 in 10 had to follow-up of screening.

Recommendation:

Behavior change communication preferably using the intrapersonal channel on issues related to cervical cancer screening should be adopted in the fishing communities urgently if we are to elevate the uptake of this secondary prevention measure for cervical cancer.

Author Biographies

Emily Keneema , Faculty of Health Sciences, Uganda Martyrs University.

Emily Keneema is an MPH-PRH student at UMU. She works at Uganda Virus Research Institute- IAVI HIV Vaccine Program as an Associate Trial Coordinator/ study clinician.

Mathias Lwenge , Faculty of Health Sciences, Uganda Martyrs University.

Mr. Mathias Lwenge is a lecturer at Uganda Martyrs University. He was the primary research supervisor.

Zaitune Nanyunja, Department of Biological Sciences, Kyambogo University.

Zaitune Nanyunja was an MPH-PRH student at UMU and currently is a PhD candidate in Biological Sciences at Kyambogo University.

Barbara Kawoozo, Uganda Virus Research Institute-IAVI HIV Vaccine program

Ms. Barbara Kawoozo is a clinical trial coordinator at Uganda Virus Research Institute-IAVI HIV Vaccine program.

Ampeire Immaculate, Ministry of Health-UNEPI department

Dr. Ampeire Immaculate Works at the Ministry of Health as an assistant commissioner -UNEPI department.

Ali Ssetaala, Uganda Virus Research Institute -IAVI HIV Vaccine Program (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine Program) .

 

Dr. Ali Ssetaala is the Head of community studies at Uganda Virus Research Institute -IAVI HIV Vaccine Program (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine Program).

Juliet Mpendo, Uganda Virus Research Institute-International AIDs Vaccine Initiatives (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine program).

Dr. Juliet Mpendo is a Medical Director at Uganda Virus Research Institute-International AIDs Vaccine Initiatives (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine program).

Brenda Okech, Uganda Virus Research Institute-International AIDs Vaccine Initiatives (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine program).

Dr. Brenda Okech is the Executive Director at Uganda Virus Research Institute-International AIDs Vaccine Initiatives (UVRI-IAVI HIV Vaccine program).

Daniel Okodan, Global Pharmaceutical Contract Research Organization.

 

Mr. Daniel Okodan is a Clinical Research Associate at Pharmaceutical Product Development - Global Pharmaceutical Contract Research Organization.

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Published

2022-12-30

How to Cite

Keneema , E. ., Lwenge , M. ., Nanyunja, Z., Kawoozo, B. ., Immaculate, A. ., Ssetaala, . A. ., Mpendo, J. ., Okech, B. ., & Okodan, D. . (2022). Prevalence of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women in Fishing Communities of Entebbe Municipality, Wakiso District. A Cross-sectional study. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 3(12), 11. https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v3i12.291

Issue

Section

Section of Non-communicable Diseases Research