Morphometric investigation of infraorbital foramen in human dry skulls and its clinical implications

Authors

  • Vivekanand Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Patna Medical College, Patna, Bihar, India.
  • Kumari Rashmi Senior Resident, Department of Surgery, Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India.
  • Birendra Kumar Sinha Professor & HOD, Department of Anatomy, Patna Medical College, Patna, Bihar, India.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i6.1280

Keywords:

Infraorbital foramen, Regional Anesthesia, Anatomy

Abstract

Background: The passage on both eth sides of the mandible bone known as the infraorbital foramen is the one through which the infraorbital vein, artery, and nerve pass. The surgical procedures in which blocking of the infraorbital nerves takes place are complicated due to the varying anatomy of the foramen. This study is conducted to determine the changes associated with gender, age, and population in the anatomy of infraorbital foramen.

Method: This study was prospectively carried out on the skulls in the anatomy department. The age, gender, and specific details regarding the infraorbital foramen such as origin, shape, dimensions, and the distance of the foramen from the anatomical landmarks taken into consideration during surgery.

Results: In all 28 skulls were studied. The location for IOF was in line with the second premolar tooth in 56% of the cases, and between the first and second in 23% of the cases. The oval shape was found in 40% of the cases and a semilunar shape in 28% of the cases. Opening was medially downward in 51% of the cases and medially in 32% of the cases. The average diameter from the transverse section of the skull was 3.30 mm and from the vertical section, it was 3.16 mm. Statistically, no difference was observed in the size, dimensions, and origin of the infraorbital foramen amongst the genders.

Conclusion: The anatomical features of the infraorbital foramen might vary from one individual to the other. Evaluation before performing surgery and anaesthesia can prevent further complications and improve the outcomes of the surgery.

Recommendation: The location of the infraorbital foramen from the significant anatomical landmarks should be studied thoroughly before performing surgery on each individual.

Published

2024-06-30

How to Cite

Vivekanand, Kumari Rashmi, & Birendra Kumar Sinha. (2024). Morphometric investigation of infraorbital foramen in human dry skulls and its clinical implications. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(6). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i6.1280

Issue

Section

Section of Anatomy