Preoperative Surgical Site Hair Removal for Elective Abdominal Surgery: Does It Have Impact on Surgical Site Infection?

Authors

  • Aftab Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, SNMMCH, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India.
  • Utkrisht Kant Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Sheikh Bhikhari Medical College, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1132

Keywords:

surgical site infection, wound healing, removal of hair

Abstract

Background: Surgical site infection due to hair follicles on the site of incision is an avoidable postoperative complication. Removal of the hair from the surgical site has been practised to avoid such occurrences. Hairs are often considered to be unhygienic and therefore removal of the hair is a ritual before the surgery. However, the literature shows that it does not correlate with the occurrence of the infection. 

Method: This study was conducted prospectively at the surgery department of the Sheikh Bhikhari Medical College, Hazaribag. The abdominal surgeries conducted in a year were included in this study. Two groups were formed. The first group underwent removal of hair whereas the other group did not undergo the hair removal process. The occurrence of infection was thoroughly evaluated and the data obtained from both the groups were compared. The patients were evaluated during the 7th day, 14th day, and a month of the surgery

Results: In all 200 patients participated in this study including both the groups out of which 21 got surgical site infectionSurgeries for less than 2 hours and the surgeries in the clean contaminated category only had significant statistical differences in the occurrence of surgical site infection in both groups.

Conclusion: From this study, it is found that when the duration of the surgery is less than 2 hours and the surgery of the clean contaminated category then there is a statistically significant difference in the shaved and unshaved group considering the number of SSI. Otherwise shaving does not cause any alteration in the number of SSIs.

Recommendation: Shaving should be considered preoperatively if its potential benefits outweigh the occurrence of surgical site infection. Also in case of clean contaminated open surgeries a rigorous prophylaxis of antibiotics should be given.

Author Biography

Aftab Ahmed, Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, SNMMCH, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India.



Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Aftab Ahmed, & Utkrisht Kant. (2024). Preoperative Surgical Site Hair Removal for Elective Abdominal Surgery: Does It Have Impact on Surgical Site Infection?. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1132

Issue

Section

Section of Anesthesia and Surgery Research