RED REFLEX-SIMPLE YET EFFECTIVE SCREENING TOOL IN NEWBORN.

Authors

  • Rutayani Dash Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, MKCG MCH, Berhampur, Odisha, India.
  • Satyaranjan Mohapatra  Assistant Professor, Department of ENT, MKCG MCH, Berhampur, Odisha, India.
  • Jitendra Panda  Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, SCB MCH, Cuttack, Odisha, India
  • Radhakanta Bhoi Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, MKCG MCH, Berhampur, Odisha, India.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1102

Keywords:

Cataract, Red Flex, Abnormality

Abstract

Background:

Red reflex is practically easy to execute, non-intrusive, needs a minimum instrument, and identifies various optical disorders, cataracts, and retinal disorders. Red reflex examination in the infant is advised for the early diagnosis and management of ocular abnormalities. The prime goal of this research is to examine the outcome of the red reflex test in infants.

Materials and Methods:

This retrospective research was carried out in ABC, XYZ in which 100 newborn babies were included for one year. All the detailed history of the patients was recorded. The test was carried out in a darkened room with the new baby on the lap of the parent. The dilation of the optics was done with 0.8% tropicamide, in addition to 2.5% phenylephrine.

Results:

56 newborn babies were male and 44 newborn babies were female. 68 patients had normal vaginal delivery and 32 patients had C-sections. 24 children had red reflex, 14 children had O. red reflex, 52 children had orange reflex, 8 children had grayish white reflex and 2 children had black shadow reflex.

Conclusion:

In the present research it was concluded that the red reflex test has great precision and, therefore helps in diagnosing optical disorders in newborn babies. It is observed that the red reflex is the less time-consuming and economical procedure for detecting ocular defects. The red reflex test is an easy-to-perform and secure method for the examination of the eyes.

Recommendation:

Every newborn baby should undergo a red reflex test for the optics carried out by doctors before discharging from the medical center. The outcome of the test should be termed normal if the color, intensity, and transparency of both the eyes are same. Newborn babies with abnormalities in reflex tests should be referred to a child specialist.

Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Dash, R. ., Mohapatra, S. ., Panda, J. ., & Bhoi, R. . (2024). RED REFLEX-SIMPLE YET EFFECTIVE SCREENING TOOL IN NEWBORN. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.51168/sjhrafrica.v5i3.1102

Issue

Section

Section of Ophthalmology Research