Retrospective Evaluation of Treatment Strategies for Unstable Intertrochanteric Femoral Fractures in the Elderly: Comparing PFNA versus Primary Hip Hemiarthroplasty

Authors

  • Subhash Chand Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Pt. JLN Govt. Medical College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Naveen Kumar Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Pt. JLN Govt. Medical College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, India

Keywords:

Intertrochanteric femoral fractures, Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation, Primary Hemiarthroplasty, Comparative analysis, Treatment outcomes

Abstract

Objectives: The present investigation aims to contrast the outcomes of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and primary hemiarthroplasty for treating unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures in geriatric patients, focusing on functional outcomes, complication rates, and postoperative rehabilitation protocols.

Methods: The retrospective study, conducted at Pt. JLN Govt. Medical College, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh, contrasted the outcomes of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and cemented hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures (IFFs). Patients with ASA Grades II and III, aged over 65 years, in addition to having AO types A2 and A3 fractures were included in this study. Surgical procedures involved PFNA device insertion or hemiarthroplasty, followed by standardized post-operative protocols.

Results: The comparative analysis between the PFNA group (n = 50) and the Primary Hemiarthroplasty of the Hip (PHH) group (n = 43) revealed significant differences in treatment outcomes. Notably, the PFNA group exhibited a higher Harris Hip score at the 12-month follow-up (90.26 vs. 82.4, p = 0.016), with a larger proportion achieving excellent outcomes (36 vs. 23). Moreover, secondary outcomes, including surgical time, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative hemoglobin levels, and duration of hospital stay, favored the PFNA group, showing statistically significant differences (p < 0.00001, except for perioperative blood transfusions, p = 0.00536).

Conclusion: The findings of the investigation implied that PFNA fixation gives rise to superior clinical outcomes when compared to PHH for unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures. This has been proven by the identification of better functional scores and reduced post-operative complications in the case of patients treated with PFNA.

Recommendation: The study recommends prioritizing PFNA fixation over primary hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures based on superior functional outcomes and fewer post-operative complications.

Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Chand, S. ., & Kumar, N. . (2024). Retrospective Evaluation of Treatment Strategies for Unstable Intertrochanteric Femoral Fractures in the Elderly: Comparing PFNA versus Primary Hip Hemiarthroplasty. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). Retrieved from https://sjhresearchafrica.org/index.php/public-html/article/view/1094

Issue

Section

Section of Orthopedics