Prospective Observational Study on Ultrasonography's Role in Predicting Pregnancy Outcomes during Threatened Abortion

Authors

  • Richa Bharadwaj MBBS, DNB, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KEM Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Megha Sinha MBBS, MS, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India.
  • V.M. Joshi MBBS, MS, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KEM Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Keywords:

Threatened abortion, Ultrasonography, Pregnancy Outcomes, Miscarriage, Predictive Value

Abstract

Background: Threatened abortion, characterized by vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy with a closed cervix, presents a common challenge in obstetrics. Ultrasonography has emerged as a pivotal tool for assessing this condition, offering valuable insights into pregnancy outcomes. Understanding its predictive value is crucial for clinical decision-making and patient support. The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of ultrasonography in predicting pregnancy outcomes among women presenting with symptoms of threatened abortion.

Methods: A total of 160 pregnant women aged 18 years and above, with gestational ages between 6 to 12 weeks, were included in the study. Clinical data, obstetric history, and ultrasonography findings were recorded. Participants were followed up to determine pregnancy outcomes. Statistical analysis, including logistic regression, was performed to assess the association between ultrasound findings and pregnancy outcomes.

Results: Among the participants, 92.5% had ultrasound-confirmed viable pregnancies, while 7.5% had non-viable pregnancies. The absence of fetal heartbeat on ultrasound was significantly associated with a higher risk of miscarriage (p < 0.001). Notably, no cases of ectopic pregnancy were observed. The majority of pregnancies (87.5%) resulted in live births.

Conclusion: Ultrasonography plays a pivotal role in predicting pregnancy outcomes in cases of threatened abortion. The absence of fetal heartbeat on ultrasound is a strong predictor of miscarriage, aiding clinical decision-making. These findings underscore the importance of early and accurate ultrasound assessment in managing and reassuring women facing threatened abortion.

Recommendations: Further research is warranted to refine risk assessment models and explore additional factors influencing pregnancy outcomes in threatened abortion cases.

Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Bharadwaj, R. ., Sinha, M. ., & V.M. Joshi. (2024). Prospective Observational Study on Ultrasonography’s Role in Predicting Pregnancy Outcomes during Threatened Abortion. Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 5(3). Retrieved from https://sjhresearchafrica.org/index.php/public-html/article/view/1033

Issue

Section

Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research